Surnames in this Project: The Bowers DNA Project is open to any male with any of the listed surnames and to any male with
a variant surname. Participants are sought from all parts of the USA, Canada, Europe, Latin America, Oceania and anywhere
else the surname may be found.
Testing Limited to Male Descendants of the Paternal Line:
does not mean that a patriarch's female descendants, or male descendants of a female descendant, are second class descendants.
It's just that Y-DNA, which is what is being tested, is passed only from father to son down the paternal line, thereby excluding these
other descendants. Females can order an mtDNA test for themselves, but this test only identifies the ancient female
clan of her direct maternal line, and accordingly has no relevance to this surname DNA project. Female descendants
and male descendants of a female descendant can nonetheless participate in this project by finding a male relative with the
surname who is willing to be tested on behalf of their lines. Such participation is strongly encouraged and is
probably essential to obtaining the critical mass of participants necessary to have meaningful results.
· 12 markers: Recommended
only if you are trying to disprove a possible common ancestor or are primarily interested in your ancient ancestry (haplogroup).
· 25 markers: Sufficient
to confirm solid paper trails, but 37 markers is preferred in order to assist others in the project who do not have solid
· 37 markers: Recommended
for those with unproven paper trails and for those trying to break through the proverbial brick wall.
· 67 markers: Recommended
for those for whom the 37 marker test is recommended, if you can afford it. It improves upon the 37 marker test by providing
more insight as to whether an unknown common ancestor is in the relatively near or more distant past. It is also more helpful in identifying specific branches of a lineage.
Cost of Tests:
· 12 marker
test is $99.
· 25 marker
test is $124
· 37 marker
test is $149
· 67 marker
test is $248
· Add $4
for s&h ($6 international)
from one test level to the next test level are available, although the total cost is somewhat more that way. You can upgrade in steps or all at once.
Specifics of the Test: The test will
be conducted by Family
of Houston, Texas, the world's leading testing company for Surname DNA Projects. The test is a simple cheek swab.
The kit will arrive and leave your house by mail. You simply rub the inside of your cheek a number of times with a special
scraper, put the kit back into the envelope, and put it in the mail.
to go to the FTDNA site to place an order for a DNA test.